The Traditional Sponge Cake Recipe: A Timeless Delight - Today Resepi Ideas

The Traditional Sponge Cake Recipe: A Timeless Delight

Step into the realm of classic baking with our exploration of the traditional sponge cake recipe. This culinary masterpiece, characterized by its light, airy texture and delicate crumb, has captivated taste buds for centuries. Join us as we delve into the secrets of creating this timeless dessert, from the essential ingredients to the intricate techniques involved.

Whether you’re a seasoned baker or embarking on your first baking adventure, this guide will provide you with the knowledge and confidence to craft a sponge cake that will impress your family and friends. Let’s embark on a delightful journey through the art of traditional sponge cake making.


Traditional sponge cakes rely on a few essential ingredients to achieve their signature light and airy texture:

Flour: Provides structure and absorbs moisture. Use cake flour for a finer crumb and a lighter texture.

Sugar: Sweetens the cake and contributes to its golden-brown crust. Granulated sugar is commonly used.

Eggs: Eggs provide structure, moisture, and leavening. Separate the eggs and beat the whites until stiff peaks form to incorporate air.

Butter or Oil: Adds richness and moisture. Use unsalted butter for a pure flavor, or neutral oil for a vegan option.

Milk or Buttermilk: Adds moisture and helps tenderize the cake. Buttermilk can create a slightly tangy flavor.

Vanilla Extract: Enhances the flavor and aroma. Use pure vanilla extract for the best results.


  • Gluten-Free: Substitute all-purpose flour with a gluten-free flour blend.
  • Vegan: Replace eggs with flaxseed or chia seed eggs, and butter with vegan butter or coconut oil.
  • Chocolate: Add cocoa powder to the batter for a chocolatey flavor.
  • Fruit: Fold in fresh or frozen berries, diced fruits, or chopped nuts for a fruity twist.


traditional sponge cake recipe terbaru

Preparing a traditional sponge cake requires a specific set of equipment to ensure optimal results. From measuring cups to a reliable oven, each tool plays a crucial role in achieving the desired texture, volume, and flavor.

Essential equipment for sponge cake baking includes:

Mixing Bowls

Mixing bowls come in various sizes and materials, but for sponge cakes, a large bowl is ideal for accommodating the airy batter. Glass or stainless steel bowls are preferred as they are easy to clean and do not retain odors.

Measuring Cups and Spoons

Accurate measurement is crucial for a successful sponge cake. A set of measuring cups and spoons ensures precise ingredient proportions. Use measuring cups for liquids and dry ingredients separately to avoid inaccuracies.

Electric Hand Mixer or Stand Mixer

An electric hand mixer or stand mixer is essential for whipping the eggs and sugar to create the light and fluffy base of the cake. Stand mixers provide more stability and power for larger batches.


A flexible spatula is indispensable for gently folding dry ingredients into the wet batter without deflating the air bubbles. Use a rubber or silicone spatula for non-stick surfaces.

Baking Pans

The choice of baking pan depends on the desired shape and size of the cake. A 9-inch round cake pan is a classic choice, while square or rectangular pans are also suitable.


A reliable oven is the heart of sponge cake baking. Ensure the oven is preheated to the correct temperature before placing the cake inside. An oven thermometer can help verify accuracy.

Cooling Rack

Once the cake is baked, a cooling rack allows air to circulate around it, preventing the bottom from becoming soggy. Place the cake upside down on the rack to cool completely before frosting.

Specialized Equipment

While not essential, specialized equipment can enhance the baking process:

  • Kitchen scale: For precise ingredient weighing, ensuring accuracy.
  • Cake tester: A thin metal skewer used to check if the cake is cooked through.
  • Pastry brush: For greasing baking pans and brushing melted butter on the cake after baking.

Methods and Procedures

The art of creating a traditional sponge cake requires a meticulous approach and a symphony of precise measurements. Each stage, from mixing to baking, plays a crucial role in achieving the desired lightness, texture, and flavor.

Mixing the Batter

The foundation of the sponge cake lies in the harmonious blending of the batter. Begin by creaming together softened butter and sugar until light and fluffy. This process incorporates air, providing the base for the cake’s delicate crumb. Next, gradually whisk in eggs, one at a time, ensuring each is fully incorporated before adding the next.

Whipping the Egg Whites

In a separate bowl, whip egg whites until stiff peaks form. This step introduces even more air into the batter, creating the cake’s characteristic airy texture. Gradually fold the whipped egg whites into the batter, using gentle, sweeping motions to maintain the delicate structure.

Folding in the Dry Ingredients

In a third bowl, combine the dry ingredients—flour, baking powder, and salt. Gradually sift these ingredients into the batter, again using a gentle folding motion to avoid deflating the air incorporated in the previous steps.

Baking the Cake

Pour the batter into a prepared baking pan and bake in a preheated oven. The baking time and temperature will vary depending on the size of the pan used, but generally, a traditional sponge cake requires baking at a moderate temperature for approximately 30-45 minutes.

4. Variations and Adaptations

The traditional sponge cake recipe offers a versatile base that can be transformed into an array of delectable creations. By incorporating different flavors, fillings, or frostings, home bakers can unleash their creativity and personalize their cakes.

Additionally, the recipe can be adjusted to accommodate different pan sizes or dietary restrictions. Whether you’re seeking a petite individual cake or a grand centerpiece, or catering to gluten-free or vegan preferences, this versatile recipe provides endless possibilities for customization.

Flavor Variations

  • Citrus Zest: Add a burst of freshness with lemon, orange, or lime zest to the batter.
  • Vanilla Extract: Enhance the classic flavor with a generous dose of vanilla extract.
  • Spices: Incorporate warm spices such as cinnamon, nutmeg, or ginger for a cozy twist.
  • Chocolate Chips: Fold in chocolate chips for a decadent indulgence.

Fillings and Frostings

Transform your sponge cake into a multi-layered masterpiece with a variety of fillings and frostings:

  • Fruit Curd: Spread a layer of tangy lemon, raspberry, or strawberry curd between the cake layers.
  • Whipped Cream: Create a light and airy filling or frosting with freshly whipped cream.
  • Buttercream: Opt for a classic buttercream frosting in vanilla, chocolate, or coffee flavors.
  • Ganache: Indulge in a rich and decadent chocolate ganache as a frosting or filling.

Dietary Adaptations

With a few simple modifications, the traditional sponge cake recipe can be adapted to suit various dietary needs:

  • Gluten-Free: Replace all-purpose flour with a gluten-free flour blend.
  • Vegan: Use plant-based milk, such as almond milk or soy milk, and replace eggs with flax eggs or chia eggs.
  • Sugar-Free: Substitute granulated sugar with a natural sweetener, such as erythritol or stevia.


traditional sponge cake recipe

Baking a traditional sponge cake can be a delicate process, and various factors can influence the final outcome. Here are some common problems that may arise during the baking process, along with troubleshooting tips and solutions to help you achieve a successful bake:

Flat Cakes

Flat cakes can result from several factors, including overmixing the batter, insufficient baking time, or using incorrect baking powder or baking soda.

  • Overmixing the batter: Overmixing the batter develops the gluten in the flour, resulting in a tough, dense cake. Mix the batter just until the ingredients are combined.
  • Insufficient baking time: Ensure the cake is baked for the recommended time or until a toothpick inserted into the center comes out clean.
  • Incorrect baking powder or baking soda: Make sure you’re using fresh, active baking powder or baking soda. Expired or inactive agents will not provide the necessary lift to the cake.

Dense Textures

Dense textures can be caused by several factors, including using too much flour, overbeating the egg whites, or not incorporating enough air into the batter.

  • Using too much flour: Measure the flour accurately using a kitchen scale or the spoon and level method to avoid adding excess flour.
  • Overbeating the egg whites: Overbeating the egg whites will make them dry and brittle, resulting in a dense cake. Beat the egg whites until they form stiff peaks but not until they become dry.
  • Not incorporating enough air into the batter: Incorporate air into the batter by whisking the egg whites until they form stiff peaks and gently folding them into the batter.

Uneven Browning

Uneven browning can be caused by several factors, including uneven oven temperature, using a dark baking pan, or not rotating the cake during baking.

  • Uneven oven temperature: Ensure your oven is calibrated and maintains a consistent temperature throughout the baking process.
  • Using a dark baking pan: Dark baking pans absorb more heat, causing the cake to brown more quickly on the bottom. Use a light-colored baking pan to promote even browning.
  • Not rotating the cake during baking: Rotate the cake halfway through the baking time to ensure even browning on all sides.

Presentation and Serving

A traditional sponge cake deserves an equally elegant presentation. Here are some ideas to make your cake stand out:

Consider garnishing your sponge cake with fresh fruits, such as berries, sliced peaches, or citrus segments. You can also sprinkle powdered sugar over the top or drizzle it with a simple glaze made from lemon juice and sugar.

Plating Techniques

For a more sophisticated presentation, consider plating your sponge cake on a bed of whipped cream or pastry cream. You can also use cookie cutters to create fun shapes out of the cake before serving.

Closing Summary

As we conclude our exploration of the traditional sponge cake recipe, we hope you’re filled with inspiration and a newfound appreciation for this classic dessert. Remember, baking is a journey of experimentation and creativity. Feel free to personalize your sponge cake with your favorite flavors, fillings, and frostings.

With practice and passion, you’ll master the art of creating stunning and delicious sponge cakes that will bring joy to every occasion.

Common Queries

What is the secret to achieving a light and airy sponge cake?

The key lies in incorporating air into the batter through proper mixing techniques. Gently whisk or beat the eggs and sugar until they become pale and fluffy, then carefully fold in the dry ingredients to maintain the air bubbles.

Can I substitute all-purpose flour for cake flour in the recipe?

Yes, you can substitute all-purpose flour for cake flour, but the texture of your sponge cake may be slightly denser. Cake flour has a lower protein content, which contributes to a more tender crumb.

How can I prevent my sponge cake from sinking in the middle?

Ensure that your oven is preheated to the correct temperature and that the batter is evenly distributed in the pan. Avoid opening the oven door during the first 20-25 minutes of baking, as this can cause the cake to lose heat and collapse.

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